Kypchaks and prakypchaksk’s language.
“Kypchak” quite often used instead of “turk”. Existence of fine art and written language is the index of high culture turks in antiquity. Ancient culture of kypchaks ancestors saved to our days is “Beast style” was inalienable part of world of ancient habitants of Central Eurasia, it organically reflected many spheres of existence people, as accepted, named “nomads”. Scythian “beast style” is the original artistic phenomenon based on the own system of artistic language, and has quite special importance in a world culture. Culture of scythians – mainly, is a Turkish culture and can have only indirect reference to Iranians.
Some problems of forming of Crimean Tatars and their language.
The basic sources of forming of Crimean Tatars people and its language are considered in the article. Three basic groups of Crimean Tatars, which differ from each other by a physical type, linguistic features, building of dwellings, clothes and employments, are revealed and described.
Metaphor and its stylistic use.
Given article is devoted to studying of stylistic use of a metaphor in language of Crimean Tatars art literature and in speak conversation. The metaphor therefore the following types are allocated is widely described and classified: metaphors formed from animals names, from birds names, from subjects names, from names of the insects kowtowing, amphibious, from names of meal, from names of the nature, from names of minerals and fossil, from names of trees and colors, from religious and mythological concepts.
The verbal word-combination with a dependent name a noun in a dative case (on a material of Crimean Tatars language).
In article on a material of Crimean Tatars language examines lexico-semantic, structural and communicative features of verbal word-combinations with a dependent name a noun in a dative case.
Insertion and fall of sounds in the north dialect of Crimean Tatar language.
Some cases of insertion and fall of consonant in the north (steppe) dialect of Crimean Tatar language are considered in the article. In particular, the cases of origin of protetical vowels in loan-words beginning with p (r), л (l) are considered. Other question considered in the article is the cases of fall of vowels as a result of their weakening. Great attention in the article is spared to the such phonetic phenomenon as a fall of consonant. It is marked in the article, that we can meet similar phenomena in other Turkish languages.
Features of category of belonging in Crimean Tatars language.
The category of belonging of the noun, rule of joining of affixes of belonging and problem of spelling of affixes of the belonging of noun is analyzed in the article.
Some teatures of punctuation of circumstances in a Crimean Tatar language.
Research of punctuation registration of circumstances in the printing literature published in Tatar language is the purpose of the given article; study of results of the wrong (from our point of view) use of signs of punctuations at the circumstances.
Some features of declension of pronouns.
Some features of declension of the personal pronouns мен (men). сeн (sen), o (o) and demonstrative pronouns бу (bu), шу (shu), o (o), are analyzed in the article. The points of view of the known scientists-philologists on this problem are considered.
Greek and Italian adoptions in the Uskut dialect of Crimean Tatar language.
In the article the causes of linguistic peculiarities of the Uskut dialect of Crimean Tatar language are analyzed. Also there are reasons of the presence of the a large amount of adoptions from Greek and Italian. The spheres of their functioning and toponymic features of the village Uskut are enumerated.
Theoretical questions of research of the Indicative Mood of the Past Tense verbs in a modern Crimean Tatar language.
For the first time in the article the theoretical questions concerning the Indicative Mood of the Past Tense verbs in the modern Crimean Tatar language are explored. During research is established that the category of the Indicative Mood of the Past Tense verbs in Crimean Tatar language represents composite and diverse system on grammar structure and semantics. It is established that the forms of the Past Tense make two groups integrated by form and common sem-notation of the Past Tense: two synthetic and nineteen analytic forms. Thus in modern Crimean Tatar language 21 forms of the past tense are included. All of them with a miscellaneous degree of common use operate in a modern language.
Metatezis and variability of soundsymbolic word in the Crimean Tatar language.
Variability – presence at two or several similar forms of one value, metatezis – rearrangement of components of a sound complex. Any language unit in spite of the fact that it during the formation and functioning to some extent is exposed to standardization and in the further can show the certain instability both forms and maintenances. Changes variabilitious character can occur at all levels of language. In our opinion the opportunity of parallel functioning originally unequivocal phonetic ravnosostavnykh roots with characteristic rearrangement in the words beginning and finishing consonants is caused by objective laws receptional behavior of the person. Development of roots with such consonants leads to their significant removal from each other and to formation of two different words.
Features of forming of lingua-cultural approach to the study of Crimean Tatars vocabulary.
Article deals with theoretical grounding of peculiarities of forming an approach to lingua-cultural studying of Crimean Tatar vocabulary at multicultural schools. Forming of cultural competence interaction of language and culture, impact of ethnic-cultural and ethnic-social factors on language processes are shown in the article.
Attributive adverbs in the modern Crimean Tatar language.
There isn’t conventional semantic classification of adverbs in turkology yet. But most researchers subdivide adverbs in two groups: attributive and adverbial. Attributive adverbs and their classification are examining in the article. This classification allows to show up that common that is distinctive to adverbs in general and determines specific peculiarities of separate groups and subgroups of adverbs.
Analysis of agricultural lexicon in Crimean Tatar language.
For the first time the attempt of research of agricultural lexicon of Crimean Tatar language is done in the article. The following problems are put: to collect, to systematize and to categorize group of the words – terms of fruit-farming and wine-growing. During research is established that the agricultural (fruite-berrylike) lexicon as an ancient and vast part of vocabulary of Crimean Tatar language represents concern for analysis of a set of problems of Crimean Tatar lexicology.
The Creative way of Shakir Selim and the problems of his poetic.
In the article on the basis of the lyrical poem by the Crimean - Tatar poet Shakir Selim “Krimname” the problems of poetic links, structural patterns and the author’s idea are examined.
Love feeling as a basis of medieval poetic figurative system.
In offered article the place and the role of concept “love” in formation of the medieval poetic figurative system is opened supported by a necessary textual material.
Types of narration in the modern Crimean Tatar story.
The article deals with the problem of narration types of narration and their revealing in minor epic forms. It is based on short stories of the modern Crimean Tatar writer Tair Khalilov “Fesigen kokusi” (The Scent of balzic”). “Chal atim” (“My Grey Horse”). It is tried to interpretation the types of narration.
Axiological aspects in the I. Pashi creation.
I.Pashi have brought new word vision to Crimean Tatar prose, new original thinking. Axiological aspects of social -. Aesthetic ideals, being embodied in ideological content analyzed works are revealed there.
Element of prohibition in composition of Crimean Tatar magic fairy-tale.
The Crimean Tatar folklore as a verbal creation of other people reflects becoming of world view mentality of Crimean Tatar ethnos. The Crimean Tatar magic fairy-tales containing different composition elements in the structure also plug in the composition the pair “prohibition – violation of prohibition”. The indicated elements of composition of magic fairy-tale traditionally ascend to the ancient taboos to the period of totems. In Crimean Tatar ceremonies, especially in wedding, we find the displays of a different sort of taboos and procedures of initiation. The Crimean Tatars continuing ancient traditions with acceptance of Islam naturally accepted all norms of Muslim religion which ordered the limitations and prohibitions.
The phonetic ocurreences in hoten patois of the new uygur Turkish according to Malov’s dictionary.
Malov in his work “Uygurskie Nareciya Sintszyana. Teksti. Perevodi. Slovar. Moscow 1961” had investigated patois of the regions Hoten, Yarkund, Kashgar, Aksu, Turfan and Kuchar in the Uygur territory. He translated there texts into the Russian Language. The vocabulary about 4375 words of the end of work in this paper the investigated the phonetic occurrences in Hoten patois.
Ashkyn Baldzhy Kh.
The view of reduplications from the point of semantics and syntactics that Aziz Gokdemir applied in his work “Istambuls story”.
Reduplications are the major elements in Turkish supplying strong exposition in language. When comparing with other languages, Turkish language is very rich, even in ancient periods, from the point of view of reduplication. The main aim of using reduplication is to stiffen and strengthen the meaning. This eminent feature of the Turkish language proves its “literary language” characteristic. Starting out from this richness in Turkish, I will try to deal with reduplications from the point of semantics and syntactics that Aziz Gokdemir applied in his work “ Istambls story “.
Research of the verse forms in works of poet of classic literature of XV age of Nedzhaty Bey.
In this work the verses used in the Collection of Nedzhaty Bey one of the most eminent poet of his age in the fifteenth century were studied. The analysis of these verses were studied through scanning various sources related to old Turkish Literature as well as his own poetry.
Homonyms in Turkish.
Some difficult issues of using the lexical homonyms in the modern Turkish language are investigated in this article. The lexical homonym phenomenon is considered in comparison with some nearly standing ones – homophony, homography and grammatical homoforms. Different forms of the homonyms are cleared out and their system analysis presented.
Results of work of the Academy of Persian Language and Literature in Iran on improvement of the lexical composition of the Persian language.
The presented report is dedicated to analysis of result of work of the Academy of Language and Literature in Iran on improvement of the lexical composition of the Persian language in context of the fight with foreign borrowing. The main attention is spared activity on conservation of the purity and peculiarity of Persian language, searching for the ways of it is adaptation to new social, political, scientific and technical conditions.
Zaza Yu. Ya.
Thematic repertoire of phatic genres ( on material of Arabic Language ).
The article traces thematic repertoire of Arabic phatic conversation after greeting and determines types of limitations which have an influence on the choice of the theme of conversation. Theme of conversation is regarded in the context of interpersonal register. The material of investigation is selected as a result of sociolinguistics questionnaire.
Becoming and development of the Arabic book written language.
The sources of Arabic linguistics, forming and development of the Arabic book written language of Basra and Cufa in the Middle Ages are represented in this article. The genetic succession of methods in the studying of the language facts is also showed. The basic concepts of the Arabic grammar, lexicology and lexicography are shortly expounded.
Microethnoconcepts of public customs of young people and their reflection in Ukrainian phraseologizms.
In this article, microethnoconcepts that characterize the public traditions of young people are studied. They are basic components for creation of Ukrainian phraseological units of the probed groups and are found in folklore collections and lexicographic monographs of XIX-XX centuries.
Study of literature terminology of epoch of Baroque in an ancient Ukrainian language.
In the clause the problem of a literary terminology in products of the brightest representatives of epoch of Ukrainian Baroque – Ivan Velichkovsky and G.S.Skovoroda is considered.
Activity of the Tauryc and Odessa karaime’s spiritual rule in the context of interethnic and interconfession relations in the Tauryc province at the end of XIX – beginning ages.
The article analyses the history of the work of the East European Karaime confessional self-government body – the Taurida Odessa Karaime confessional self-government – within the context of multiconfessional and multinational society of the Taurida province in the late nineteenth and early twentieth century.