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Vol. 24 (63). № 4.ч.2. 2011
Philology.
Social communications

Alieva V.
Anthropocentrism of derivative prepositions in the Russian language
The  article  analyzed  prepositions  as  method  statements  of  the  thought,  characterized  theirs role in implementation of linguistic freedom of speaker.

Vysotskaya  T. 
Mining  artifacts  non-derivative  nominations 
The article examines non-derivative mining artifacts, defines their sources and the ways  of these sources realization in the sphere of mining artifacts nominations.

Dolgopolova  L. 
The  article  studies  the  structural  and  semantic  peculiarities  of  infinite  forms  in  Germanic  (German,  English)  and  Slavonic  (Russian,  Ukrainian)  languages 
As  a  result  of  synchronic  analysis  the  common  character  of  the  infinite  forms  of  the  languages and their specific are revealed.

Dubovaya E.
Аnalitic theory and russian case
The article describes that case-number forming is a fragment  with persistent synthetic  properties in the morphological system of the Russian language. Reduction in the number of  case inflexions, overcoming case-number formomodels of Homonymy, limited formomodels  with zero inflexions – all this is assessed as a result of restructuring of the synthetic system of  forming a substantive. Indeclinable nouns do not exhibit functional usefulness and can not be  recognize as fact that determines the prospects of typological changes in the synthetic system  of forming a substantive.

Djyachok  N. 
Means  of  organization  of  “word-combination  +  elliptical  univerb”  nominatheams’ verbal realizations
The  article  deals  with  the  problem  of  univerbs’  classification,  which  are  verbal  realizations of definite nominatheams. The univerbs’ afficses, which deal with word-building  act imitation, are shown. The conclusions as for morphemic peculiarities of univerbs are done.

Yevpack А.
Groups of secondary nominations, motivated by the elements of lexico- semantic  field  "КОНЬ"  (on  the  material  of  Russian) 
This  article  deals  with  6  thematic  groups  of  the  secondary  nominations  (architectural  terms, geological and mining terms, mushrooms, entomonyms, birds and fish), created on the  basis of the elements of the lexico-semantic field «КОНЬ». There are found main principles  and signs of metaphorization and metonimization.

Emelyanova  E. 
Interaction  of  national  and  foreign  lexical  elements  in  terminological word-combinations
The paper deals with the problems of interaction of national and foreign lexical elements  constituting terminological word-combinations of the contemporary Ukrainian language. The  complex approach method to process regularity exposure has been applied. The productive  ways of formation of terminological word-combination with foreign origin components have  been determined, their structural patterns and typical features have been revealed and defined.  The  basic  elements  and  the  most  frequent  models  of  binary  and  multi-component  terminological word-combinations under consideration have been characterized.

Zamanova I.
Phonetic units are language and speech: methodical aspect
The  article  deal  with  the  methodological  problems  of  phonetic  teaching  in  Chinese  universities. There is an effort to explain the stability of the Chinese accent in the speech of  Russian-speaking students and the ways to overcome it is consider. The article also describes  the necessity to reinterpret the phoneme in terms of modern science.

Kechedzhi  O. 
Formation  Specifics  of  Affix  Derivatives  of  Ecology  Sphere  in  the  English  Vocabulary 
The paper deals with the derivatives of ecology sphere in the English vocabulary. The  facts of ecology lexical units’ increase were reviewed. Special attention was concentrated on  the elements of derivation which take part in word creation of the sphere mentioned above.

Mezhov  A.  
Рredicates  of  quality  in  semantic-syntactic  structure  of  a  simple  sentence
In  the  article  system  research  of  predicates  of  quality  is  conducted  in  semantic  elementary and unelementary simple sentences of  modern literary Ukrainian. The semantic  varieties  of  predicates  of  quality  are  selected.  Morphological  facilities  of  expression  of  predicates of quality are described.

Tretjyakova  E. 
Derivational  models  of  latin  noun-composites 
The article describes the basic derivational models of Latin noun-composites.

Filatova E.
Syntagmatic and sentences text structure and their function
The  actual  problem  of  the  text  as  a  multistructural  unit  is  regarded.  Its  syntagmatic  structure  is  sense  bearing.  Syntagmas  create  a  text  on  their  basis  it  is  perceived  by  the  addressee.  The  sentence  structure  of  the  text  is  a  traditional  way  of  its  written  design.  Its  purpose is to help the reader in the realization of a syntagmatic structure, intonation and text  contents.

Shepel Yu.
Differences in the structure  of word-building nests  and rows, and their functions
A  word-formation  row  as  complex  unit  of  word-formation  level  is  examined  in  the  article, presented as one of methods of arrangement / of organization of derivatives. The form  of word-formation rows of the names of adjectives of Russian and mechanism of producting  of  row  as  units  of  word-formation  level  are  analysed  by  comparison  to  a  word-formation  nest.The question of finding out of differences between the structures of nests and rows.

Andreychenko O. I.
Metaphorical expression concept sphere “policy” in the modern  publicistic  discourse 
The conceptual analysis of comtemporary political metaphor is considered in this article.  Figurative models reflecting political life are represented.

Ardelyan О.
Proper names in the context of contemporary theories of reference
The  research  specifies  the  lexical  meaning  of  proper  names  in  the  context  of  contemporary theories of reference. The detailed analysis of proper names which are referable  to  the  objects  of  reality  has  been  given.  The  possibility  of  description  of  proper  name’s  meaning with the help of the contemporary modal-logical conceptions of reference has been  analyzed in the article.

Barinova  O. 
The  lexicographical  presentation  of  the  basic  adjective  color  terms  in the Russian explanatory dictionaries 
The definitions of the basic adjective coloratives in the Russian explanatory dictionaries
are considered.

Gadomsky A., Polyakova Yu.
The question of the formation and evolution of Russian  and Polish lexicography
This article researches the history of Russian and Polish lexicography. The authors carry
out a comparative analysis of trends in Polish and Russian lexicography.

Grozyan  N.  F. 
Phraseological  microsystem  «behaviour  of  a  person»  in  ukrainian  language: psychosemantical and axiological aspects
The  psycho-semantics  approach  to  the  search  of  positive  and  negative  meanings  of  phraseological unit is offered in the article.

Djolog  O. 
The  adaptation  process  of  new  English  loan  words  in  the  modern  Ukrainian  linguistics 
This article is devoted to the problems of Еnglish loanwords in Ukrainian language. The  article describes the essential aspects of linguistic picture of the world, analyses components  involved in the process of adoption.

Zharikova  M. 
Rumey-Urum-Eastern-Slavic  interaction  in  the  establishment  and  functioning of oikonyms in Oikonimy of Donbass
The article analyses the interaction of Urum, Rumei, and Slav elements in the process of  creation and functioning oykonyms in territory of  Donbass. Toponims of  Azov's  Greeks is  investigated on the basis of their fixation in second XIX в. and in the 60-80 years last century.

Kislitsyna  N. 
The  position  of  connotative  meaning  in  the  semantic  structure  of  a  word 
The article describes the connotative meaning as a part of semantic structure of the word  along with the denotative and grammatical macrocomponents. The difference between speech  connotation and language connotation as well as the phenomenon of linguistic personality is  taken into consideration while studying connotation.

Kotsyuba O.
Lingual objectification of the concept KRIEG in Joseph Roth’s novels  «Radetzky March» and «The Capuchin Tomb»
In the article lexical verbalizators of the concept KRIEG are analysed in J. Roth’s two  related  books.  The  semantic  features  of  the  given  concept  that  reflect  both  the  author’s  individual and the traditional views upon a war in the Austrian society are determined.

Maslikova O.
Terms to indicate artistic tropes in the writings of M.S. Grushevskogo
The article deals with the philological terms within the works of M.S. Grushevsky for  designating the kinds of literary tropes, the examples of their functioning are presented within  the system of frequently used term combinations of indicated thematic group.

Melekh G.
Professional language of German cookery: polysemy and homonymy
The article analyzes polysems and homonyms consisting of food terms. Quantitative and  qualitative indices are defined, the types of polysemy and relation between their elements are  determined. The homonyms are presented as well as polysems.

Proskurina L.
The role of cognitive metaphor in formation of Russian terminology  of flying machines repairs
The  cognitive  metaphor  is  the  major  source  of  terminology  formation  as  it  gives  the  chance to apply the knowledge which has been turned out in one branch, for the decision of  problems  of  formed  branch.  The  author  of  the  article  analyzes  some  basic  groups  of  metaphorical  nominations  of  terminology  of  flying  machines  repairs  and  shows,  that  metaforization is one of key cognitive models of formation of investigated terminology.

Prudnikova  T.  I. 
Expression  of  nonverbal  communication  by  means  of  speech 
The  article  is  devoted  to  the  description  of  nonverbal  communication  by  linguistic  means which are based on the material of the novel the literary work of Vasyl Barka’s. The  study  of  the  text  shows  that  the  author  with  the  help  of  artistic  means  conveys  intonation,  gesture, look, expression of the face and expression of his characters.

Romanova  N. 
Lexico-semantic  field  Liebe  (based  on  lyric  poetry  by  Theodor  Kцrner)
The article is devoted to study of the semantics German Liebe based on poetic texts by  Th.  Kцrner.  Point  of  view  of  the  field  approach  to  the  phenomenon  found  an  asymmetry  between  the  „vocabulary“  and  „text“  meanings  of  the  linguistic  sign,  indicating  the  dependence of language processes of communicative needs of the individual.

Soshko  O. G. 
Metaphorical  models  of  phraseological  units  denoting  emotional  characteristics  (on  the  material  of  Ukrainian,  German  and  English  languages) 
The  article  focuses  on  the  most  productive  models  of  metaphorical  idioms  denoting  emotional  characteristics  in  English,  German  and  Ukrainian.  The  author  investigates  mechanisms of metaphorisation and their respective linguocultural peculiarities.

Trikoz K.
Aqualocative neologisms in american linguoculture
The article is dedicated to aqualocative neologisms in American linguoculture. In terms
of the article, we also investigate characteristics of the concept «water space» which are the
basis of neonomination.

Khokhlova  N. 
About  the  problem  of  development  of  dialect  lexical  system 
The  problem  of  development  of  dialect  lexical  system  on  the  basis  of  dialects  of  Archangelsk region is observed in this article. It is sequentially proved that dialect as a system  is  considerably  modified  because  of  rapidly  changing  social,  cultural  and  information  environment.  The  process  of  development  doesn’t  destroy  the  system  of  dialects,  but  only  lead to their evolution.

Shandruk T. F.
German phraseological units with comical connotation to describe  person's 
The  article  deals  with  the  studying  of  German  phraseological  units  with  comical  connotation to describe person's appearance.The author of the article analized phraseological  units  and  researched  their  cultural  and national  semantics  by  investigation  of  language  and  cultural aspects at the semantic sphere and their interaction. Such scientific research helps to  understand the national specification and humor of the German better.

Shcherbachuk L. F.
Conceptualization of a binary opposition BEAUTY/ UGLINESS  in Ukrainian phraseology
This  article  analyzes  the  features  of  the  conceptualization  of  aesthetic  beauty  and  ugliness  categories  of  Ukrainian  phraseological  system.  Attention  is  drawn  to  their  anthropocentric nature and importance of visual perception to evaluate the appearance of the  object.

Emirsuinova  G. 
The  Transformations  of  the  Concept  «Family»  in  American  Language  Thinking 
The  article  deals  with  the  new  elements  of  American  English  lexical  system,  which  reveal  the  transformations  of  the  concept  «family»  in  the  language  thinking  of  native  speakers.

Anastasjeva O.
Еxtralinguistic conditionality of linguistic style of english aphorism
This  paper  concerns  with  the  role  of  extralinguistic  factors  of  communication  in  the  formation of the style of aphorism as a type of fiction text. The style features of the English  aphorism  have  been  observed.  Figurative  speech  concrete  definition  along  with  other  style  features has been determined to take part in the formation of linguistic style of the aphoristic  text.

Bessonova L.
The category of addressing in the programme speeches of politicians
The  semantic-pragmatic  content  of  the  category  of  addressing  is  emphasized  in  the
article,  the  cognitive  mechanisms  of  origination  of  political  text,  which  is  referred  to  the recipient, is described, the repertoire of linguistic means of the three-dimensional opposition of own/other/another’s is exposed.

Gabidullina А.
Precedent phenomena in the popular scientific linguistic text (on the  example  of  the  children’s  encyclopedia) 
The  possibilities  of  children  encyclopedia  as  for  the  forming  of  the  linguistic  precedentosphere  are  in  the  article.  Ways  of  entering  the  precendent  phenomenon  into  a  popular  science  text  are  named:  the  historical-linguistic  and  biographical  sketch,  the  historical-linguistic  review,  linguistic  background,  they  contain  the  names  of  scientists  and  description of their discoveries.

Garmash E.
Gender features of nonverbal communication in the works of fiction
The  article  studies  the  paralinguistic  means  of  expression  a  speech  genre  “flirtation”.  The  paper  analyzes  the  nonverbal  tactics  of  flirtation,  determining  the  basic  devices  of  expression the flirtation in nonverbal communications.

Glotova  G. V. 
Lingvokultural  competence  of  instructor  in  the  higher  school 
The  modern  educational  situation  demands  the  integration  of  various  knowledges.  Linguistics  and  cultural  science  is  a  synthesis  which  represents  a  “bridge”  for  dialogue  of  cultures with the help of language. The linguocultural competence is the integral attribute of  the professional competence of teacher in the higher education.

Grabovenko I.
Precedent-related phenomena as instrument of the pr- influence in  the mass  media political discourse
In the article the basic functions and characteristics of the usage of the precedent-related  phenomena  as  instrument  of  the  PR-  influence  in  the  mass  media  political  discourse  are  analyzed.

Grishenko  E. 
“Reshaping”  of  the  sphere  of  concepts  in  a  new  information- communicative  environment” 
The  article  deals  with  new  language  senses  that  concepts  get  in  a  new  information- communicative  environment.  Natural  and  “artificial”  changes  in  the  sphere  of  concepts  are  studied. Changes of a concept which is used in political discourse are studied.  

Dobganskaya N.
Lexical stylistic peculiarities of contemporary christian song lyrics
The  article  deals  with  the  research  of  lexical  stylistic  peculiarities  of  contemporary  Christian  song  lyrics  as  distinctive  characteristics  of  the  specific  jenre;  the  reflection  of  lingual cultural and ideological features of English-speaking Christians in this type of texts is  demonstrated.

Zasekin  S. 
Universal  strategies  of  translation  of  literary  text:  a  psycholinguistic  empirical  study 
The article focuses on cognitive and discursive universals of translation of literary text.  The  universals  are  divided  into  communicative-productive  and  metacognitive.  As  the  empirical study of the source and forty target texts showed, the above mentioned universals  have status of common strategies depending on translator’s cognitive style.

Zvyagina Е.
Contextual senses of the word in political discourse
In the article the analysis of modern conception of intertextuality, characterizing one of  major  properties  of  text  is  offered  is  his  cooperating  with  other  texts.  The  problem  of  correlation  of  intertextuality  and  alluzion  is  examined  as  the  special  case  of  display  of  intertext connections.

Kalishuk D.
Conceptual structure of  modern totalitarian discourse (illustrated by  F. Castro and H. Chavez’s speeches)
In the article the peculiarities of modern totalitarian discourse are investigated, the basic  concepts  of  totalitarian  discourse  are  defined,  the  role  of  concepts  in  the  process  of  influencing the addressee is highlighted, the peculiarities and means of expressing the basic  concepts of modern totalitarian discourse are analyzed.

Kozachenko  A. 
Studying  of  the  polish  language  as  an  important  condition  of  formation at the future teachers of system of the european values
Based on theoretical analysis of scientific research, the author describes the conditions  and fundamental  methodological and theoretical approaches connected with the solution of  the problem of formation of human values. The article reveals the essence and content of the  notion “human values of teenagers” and determines the potential educational possibilities of a  foreign language as a means of formation of human values.

Kostj I.
The mechanisms of verbalization of emotional state in ukrainian prose text
This article is devoted to the issue of language expression of emotional experiences of a  person in a prose text. It has been identified four basic mechanisms of emotions verbalization,  they  are:  lexical,  phraseological,  descriptive  and  that  of  textual  description.  It  has  been  distinguished the ways of lexical nomination (substantival, verbal, adjectival and adverbial). It  has been determined the idiomatic expressions, which descript a person's internal emotional  state  in  a  prose  text;  they  have  been  divided  into  explicit  and  implicit  idioms.  It  has  been  studied the descriptive mechanism, that expresses the external manifestations of feelings. It  has  been  highlighted  the  mechanism  of  textual  description,  used  for  implicit  contextual  expression of emotions.

Koshman I. N.
Ukrainian’s precedential phenomenal occurrence in russian lexis
Lexico-semantical features of the precedential expressions which have active functions  in modern Russian journalistic’s text in Ukraine have been described in the article.

Kuvarova  E.  K. 
A  final  etiquette  formula  in  a  letter  as  a  speech  formation 
A  final  etiquette  formula  as  one  of  basic  components  of  letter’s  structure,  regulative  interpersonal relationships, is examined. The criteria for differentiating of etiquette formula  and signature are offered. It is shown that the final formula of letter can be dismembered on a  few etiquette formulas order of which, and also their structure and lexical filling varied widely  enough.

Kudryavtseva N. S.
Categories we live by: philosophical categories in the cognitive  point  of  view 
The article explores vocabulary with philosophical-categoric meaning from the point of  view of cognitive semantics. Proceeding from the key postulate of cognitive science about the  obligatoriness of categorization for all living beings, there is an assumption made that main  ontological categories of philosophy can be considered basic and inherent in various systems  of knowledge.

Li  Zhe. 
A  role  of  linguistic  tradition  is  in  dialog  of  cultures 
This  paper  presents  a  novel  approach  to  determining  the  linguistic  tradition.  We  investigate the role of the linguistic tradition into a dialogue of cultures, and in addition to this  we  delineate  the  concept  of  interlingual  (intercultural)  communication  and  the  concept  of  dialogue  of  cultures.  The  article  also  contains  language  material,  which  is  important  for  methodological and theoretical developments in the field of foreign language learning.

Lutseeva I. N. 
Human  in  the  phraseological  picture  of  the  world  (based  on  the  Russian  phraseological  units  with  numerals) 
The  article  analyzes  the  anthropocentric  phraseologisms  with  numeral  components.  Their relationship with certain cultural code, and their division into phraseosemantic groups is  being revealed. Specificity of the conceptualization of given phraseologisms in phraseological  view of the world is being examined.

Lytkina O. I.
Universality of the definition of the text in macrolinguistics
The  article  covers  the  problems  of  studying  the  text  in  modern  linguistics,  which  is  characterized as macrolinguistics. The author analyses different approaches of the definition  of the text, adresses to the question of variety of its typoligy and criterion of the separation.  Having compared the modern understanding of the text with such notions as archetype, myth,  concept,  the  author  comes  to  the  conclusion  that  the  notion  of  the  text  is  versatile  in  the  modern science pertaining to the humanities.

Morozova  N. 
The  image  of  snow  in  the  n.s.  gumilyov’s  poetic  world 
The  article  analyze  Gumilyov’s  poetry  in  “from  real  objects  to  the  text”  aspect.  It  depends what information about the snow is relevant to the artistic world view of the poet,  reveals  which  associations,  symbolic  meanings  has  the  image  of  snow  in  the  poetry  of  N. Gumilev.

Novak V.
The importance of touch as a nonverbal component in communication
The article focuses on the role of touch at different stages of a person’s life, illustrates  the vital importance of tactile world perception for children, the possibility of communicating  emotions via touch. The author highlights the functions of touch in communication and the  importance attached to tactile perception by different cultures.

Oskolkova N. 
Aims  and  principles  of  the  complex  analyze  of  linguistic  expertise  texts 
The article describes peculiarities of linguistic expertise which is regarded as a specific  type of text because it’s created in a particular speech situation and it reflects problem points  of forensic linguistics communication. Stages of the complex analyze of linguistic expertise  texts are characterized.

Parasin N.
The idiostyle characteristics of colorsnominations in the aspect of theory  prototypes 
In article forms of a designation of white colour in Shevchenko's poetry in aspect of the  theory  of  prototypes  are  analysed.  Attempt  to  define  prototypical  characteristics  of  white  colour  as  sets  of  certain  signs  is  made  and  to  reveal  forms  of  reference  associations  of  "white".

Perelomov A.
Texting as a special sms-language in speech interaction
The article offers a review of the specific language, used for interaction, within the sms- messages,  known  as  texting.  The  author  analyzes  linguostilistic  parameters  of  this  communicative phenomenon and the peculiarities of its variations in different languages and  cultures as well.

Petrova  L. 
Synesthesia  of  attributes  in  artistic  text 
The  article  is  devoted  to  the  problem  of  aesthetic  development  objects  and  their  representations  in  linguistic  consciousness.  The  phenomena  of  synesthesia  as  figurative  translation of author’s intention at the sociable level of the word are analyzed.

Pimenova M.
The emotions` caterorization in naive picture of the world through the  aspect  of  Russian  mentality 
The emotions presents in language through the non-scientific categories: examinations,  experience,  feelings,  abilities,  states,  suffering.  This  categories  can  mixed.  There  were  commented some classes of subcategories in the class of emotions.

Segal  N. 
The  spatial  oppositions  as  a  system  sign  of  the  text 
The  article  considers  the  methods  of  linguistic  realization  of  the  category  space.  The  main cognitive oppositions, that construct this category in political text, are analyzed.

Stevanovich R.
The role of imagination in mental activity. Linguistic means used to  describe  magination in English and Russian
The given article presents a semantic analysis of the psychological term – “imagination”  in a sociolinguistic interpretation on the basis of English and Russian scientific literature. As  this concept is very complicated a lot of extracts, describing term imagination are given in the  article  as  well,  as  definitions  from  English  and  Russian  psychological  dictionaries  and  explanatory dictionaries.

Stetsenko  N. 
On  the  relationship  between  the  concepts   text – media texts – media discourse
In the article the peculiarities of the functioning of the definitions «text», «mediatext»,  «mediadiscourse» in the modern linguistics, and the basic questions of their correlation and  differentiation are analyzed.

Yanovets  A. 
Psycholinguistic  structure  of  individual  speech  in  the  state  of  emotional  stress 
The article discusses aspects of the functioning of politician’s discourse in the state of  emotional stress. As the study shows, the speech under this condition is tranformed.