Anthropocentrism of derivative prepositions in the Russian language
The article analyzed prepositions as method statements of the thought, characterized theirs role in implementation of linguistic freedom of speaker.
Mining artifacts non-derivative nominations
The article examines non-derivative mining artifacts, defines their sources and the ways of these sources realization in the sphere of mining artifacts nominations.
The article studies the structural and semantic peculiarities of infinite forms in Germanic (German, English) and Slavonic (Russian, Ukrainian) languages
As a result of synchronic analysis the common character of the infinite forms of the languages and their specific are revealed.
Аnalitic theory and russian case
The article describes that case-number forming is a fragment with persistent synthetic properties in the morphological system of the Russian language. Reduction in the number of case inflexions, overcoming case-number formomodels of Homonymy, limited formomodels with zero inflexions – all this is assessed as a result of restructuring of the synthetic system of forming a substantive. Indeclinable nouns do not exhibit functional usefulness and can not be recognize as fact that determines the prospects of typological changes in the synthetic system of forming a substantive.
Means of organization of “word-combination + elliptical univerb” nominatheams’ verbal realizations
The article deals with the problem of univerbs’ classification, which are verbal realizations of definite nominatheams. The univerbs’ afficses, which deal with word-building act imitation, are shown. The conclusions as for morphemic peculiarities of univerbs are done.
Groups of secondary nominations, motivated by the elements of lexico- semantic field "КОНЬ" (on the material of Russian)
This article deals with 6 thematic groups of the secondary nominations (architectural terms, geological and mining terms, mushrooms, entomonyms, birds and fish), created on the basis of the elements of the lexico-semantic field «КОНЬ». There are found main principles and signs of metaphorization and metonimization.
Interaction of national and foreign lexical elements in terminological word-combinations
The paper deals with the problems of interaction of national and foreign lexical elements constituting terminological word-combinations of the contemporary Ukrainian language. The complex approach method to process regularity exposure has been applied. The productive ways of formation of terminological word-combination with foreign origin components have been determined, their structural patterns and typical features have been revealed and defined. The basic elements and the most frequent models of binary and multi-component terminological word-combinations under consideration have been characterized.
Phonetic units are language and speech: methodical aspect
The article deal with the methodological problems of phonetic teaching in Chinese universities. There is an effort to explain the stability of the Chinese accent in the speech of Russian-speaking students and the ways to overcome it is consider. The article also describes the necessity to reinterpret the phoneme in terms of modern science.
Formation Specifics of Affix Derivatives of Ecology Sphere in the English Vocabulary
The paper deals with the derivatives of ecology sphere in the English vocabulary. The facts of ecology lexical units’ increase were reviewed. Special attention was concentrated on the elements of derivation which take part in word creation of the sphere mentioned above.
Рredicates of quality in semantic-syntactic structure of a simple sentence
In the article system research of predicates of quality is conducted in semantic elementary and unelementary simple sentences of modern literary Ukrainian. The semantic varieties of predicates of quality are selected. Morphological facilities of expression of predicates of quality are described.
Derivational models of latin noun-composites
The article describes the basic derivational models of Latin noun-composites.
Syntagmatic and sentences text structure and their function
The actual problem of the text as a multistructural unit is regarded. Its syntagmatic structure is sense bearing. Syntagmas create a text on their basis it is perceived by the addressee. The sentence structure of the text is a traditional way of its written design. Its purpose is to help the reader in the realization of a syntagmatic structure, intonation and text contents.
Differences in the structure of word-building nests and rows, and their functions
A word-formation row as complex unit of word-formation level is examined in the article, presented as one of methods of arrangement / of organization of derivatives. The form of word-formation rows of the names of adjectives of Russian and mechanism of producting of row as units of word-formation level are analysed by comparison to a word-formation nest.The question of finding out of differences between the structures of nests and rows.
Andreychenko O. I.
Metaphorical expression concept sphere “policy” in the modern publicistic discourse
The conceptual analysis of comtemporary political metaphor is considered in this article. Figurative models reflecting political life are represented.
Proper names in the context of contemporary theories of reference
The research specifies the lexical meaning of proper names in the context of contemporary theories of reference. The detailed analysis of proper names which are referable to the objects of reality has been given. The possibility of description of proper name’s meaning with the help of the contemporary modal-logical conceptions of reference has been analyzed in the article.
The lexicographical presentation of the basic adjective color terms in the Russian explanatory dictionaries
The definitions of the basic adjective coloratives in the Russian explanatory dictionaries
Gadomsky A., Polyakova Yu.
The question of the formation and evolution of Russian and Polish lexicography
This article researches the history of Russian and Polish lexicography. The authors carry
out a comparative analysis of trends in Polish and Russian lexicography.
Grozyan N. F.
Phraseological microsystem «behaviour of a person» in ukrainian language: psychosemantical and axiological aspects
The psycho-semantics approach to the search of positive and negative meanings of phraseological unit is offered in the article.
The adaptation process of new English loan words in the modern Ukrainian linguistics
This article is devoted to the problems of Еnglish loanwords in Ukrainian language. The article describes the essential aspects of linguistic picture of the world, analyses components involved in the process of adoption.
Rumey-Urum-Eastern-Slavic interaction in the establishment and functioning of oikonyms in Oikonimy of Donbass
The article analyses the interaction of Urum, Rumei, and Slav elements in the process of creation and functioning oykonyms in territory of Donbass. Toponims of Azov's Greeks is investigated on the basis of their fixation in second XIX в. and in the 60-80 years last century.
The position of connotative meaning in the semantic structure of a word
The article describes the connotative meaning as a part of semantic structure of the word along with the denotative and grammatical macrocomponents. The difference between speech connotation and language connotation as well as the phenomenon of linguistic personality is taken into consideration while studying connotation.
Lingual objectification of the concept KRIEG in Joseph Roth’s novels «Radetzky March» and «The Capuchin Tomb»
In the article lexical verbalizators of the concept KRIEG are analysed in J. Roth’s two related books. The semantic features of the given concept that reflect both the author’s individual and the traditional views upon a war in the Austrian society are determined.
Terms to indicate artistic tropes in the writings of M.S. Grushevskogo
The article deals with the philological terms within the works of M.S. Grushevsky for designating the kinds of literary tropes, the examples of their functioning are presented within the system of frequently used term combinations of indicated thematic group.
Professional language of German cookery: polysemy and homonymy
The article analyzes polysems and homonyms consisting of food terms. Quantitative and qualitative indices are defined, the types of polysemy and relation between their elements are determined. The homonyms are presented as well as polysems.
The role of cognitive metaphor in formation of Russian terminology of flying machines repairs
The cognitive metaphor is the major source of terminology formation as it gives the chance to apply the knowledge which has been turned out in one branch, for the decision of problems of formed branch. The author of the article analyzes some basic groups of metaphorical nominations of terminology of flying machines repairs and shows, that metaforization is one of key cognitive models of formation of investigated terminology.
Prudnikova T. I.
Expression of nonverbal communication by means of speech
The article is devoted to the description of nonverbal communication by linguistic means which are based on the material of the novel the literary work of Vasyl Barka’s. The study of the text shows that the author with the help of artistic means conveys intonation, gesture, look, expression of the face and expression of his characters.
Lexico-semantic field Liebe (based on lyric poetry by Theodor Kцrner)
The article is devoted to study of the semantics German Liebe based on poetic texts by Th. Kцrner. Point of view of the field approach to the phenomenon found an asymmetry between the „vocabulary“ and „text“ meanings of the linguistic sign, indicating the dependence of language processes of communicative needs of the individual.
Soshko O. G.
Metaphorical models of phraseological units denoting emotional characteristics (on the material of Ukrainian, German and English languages)
The article focuses on the most productive models of metaphorical idioms denoting emotional characteristics in English, German and Ukrainian. The author investigates mechanisms of metaphorisation and their respective linguocultural peculiarities.
Aqualocative neologisms in american linguoculture
The article is dedicated to aqualocative neologisms in American linguoculture. In terms
of the article, we also investigate characteristics of the concept «water space» which are the
basis of neonomination.
About the problem of development of dialect lexical system
The problem of development of dialect lexical system on the basis of dialects of Archangelsk region is observed in this article. It is sequentially proved that dialect as a system is considerably modified because of rapidly changing social, cultural and information environment. The process of development doesn’t destroy the system of dialects, but only lead to their evolution.
Shandruk T. F.
German phraseological units with comical connotation to describe person's
The article deals with the studying of German phraseological units with comical connotation to describe person's appearance.The author of the article analized phraseological units and researched their cultural and national semantics by investigation of language and cultural aspects at the semantic sphere and their interaction. Such scientific research helps to understand the national specification and humor of the German better.
Shcherbachuk L. F.
Conceptualization of a binary opposition BEAUTY/ UGLINESS in Ukrainian phraseology
This article analyzes the features of the conceptualization of aesthetic beauty and ugliness categories of Ukrainian phraseological system. Attention is drawn to their anthropocentric nature and importance of visual perception to evaluate the appearance of the object.
The Transformations of the Concept «Family» in American Language Thinking
The article deals with the new elements of American English lexical system, which reveal the transformations of the concept «family» in the language thinking of native speakers.
Еxtralinguistic conditionality of linguistic style of english aphorism
This paper concerns with the role of extralinguistic factors of communication in the formation of the style of aphorism as a type of fiction text. The style features of the English aphorism have been observed. Figurative speech concrete definition along with other style features has been determined to take part in the formation of linguistic style of the aphoristic text.
The category of addressing in the programme speeches of politicians
The semantic-pragmatic content of the category of addressing is emphasized in the
article, the cognitive mechanisms of origination of political text, which is referred to the recipient, is described, the repertoire of linguistic means of the three-dimensional opposition of own/other/another’s is exposed.
Precedent phenomena in the popular scientific linguistic text (on the example of the children’s encyclopedia)
The possibilities of children encyclopedia as for the forming of the linguistic precedentosphere are in the article. Ways of entering the precendent phenomenon into a popular science text are named: the historical-linguistic and biographical sketch, the historical-linguistic review, linguistic background, they contain the names of scientists and description of their discoveries.
Gender features of nonverbal communication in the works of fiction
The article studies the paralinguistic means of expression a speech genre “flirtation”. The paper analyzes the nonverbal tactics of flirtation, determining the basic devices of expression the flirtation in nonverbal communications.
Glotova G. V.
Lingvokultural competence of instructor in the higher school
The modern educational situation demands the integration of various knowledges. Linguistics and cultural science is a synthesis which represents a “bridge” for dialogue of cultures with the help of language. The linguocultural competence is the integral attribute of the professional competence of teacher in the higher education.
Precedent-related phenomena as instrument of the pr- influence in the mass media political discourse
In the article the basic functions and characteristics of the usage of the precedent-related phenomena as instrument of the PR- influence in the mass media political discourse are analyzed.
“Reshaping” of the sphere of concepts in a new information- communicative environment”
The article deals with new language senses that concepts get in a new information- communicative environment. Natural and “artificial” changes in the sphere of concepts are studied. Changes of a concept which is used in political discourse are studied.
Lexical stylistic peculiarities of contemporary christian song lyrics
The article deals with the research of lexical stylistic peculiarities of contemporary Christian song lyrics as distinctive characteristics of the specific jenre; the reflection of lingual cultural and ideological features of English-speaking Christians in this type of texts is demonstrated.
Universal strategies of translation of literary text: a psycholinguistic empirical study
The article focuses on cognitive and discursive universals of translation of literary text. The universals are divided into communicative-productive and metacognitive. As the empirical study of the source and forty target texts showed, the above mentioned universals have status of common strategies depending on translator’s cognitive style.
Contextual senses of the word in political discourse
In the article the analysis of modern conception of intertextuality, characterizing one of major properties of text is offered is his cooperating with other texts. The problem of correlation of intertextuality and alluzion is examined as the special case of display of intertext connections.
Conceptual structure of modern totalitarian discourse (illustrated by F. Castro and H. Chavez’s speeches)
In the article the peculiarities of modern totalitarian discourse are investigated, the basic concepts of totalitarian discourse are defined, the role of concepts in the process of influencing the addressee is highlighted, the peculiarities and means of expressing the basic concepts of modern totalitarian discourse are analyzed.
Studying of the polish language as an important condition of formation at the future teachers of system of the european values
Based on theoretical analysis of scientific research, the author describes the conditions and fundamental methodological and theoretical approaches connected with the solution of the problem of formation of human values. The article reveals the essence and content of the notion “human values of teenagers” and determines the potential educational possibilities of a foreign language as a means of formation of human values.
The mechanisms of verbalization of emotional state in ukrainian prose text
This article is devoted to the issue of language expression of emotional experiences of a person in a prose text. It has been identified four basic mechanisms of emotions verbalization, they are: lexical, phraseological, descriptive and that of textual description. It has been distinguished the ways of lexical nomination (substantival, verbal, adjectival and adverbial). It has been determined the idiomatic expressions, which descript a person's internal emotional state in a prose text; they have been divided into explicit and implicit idioms. It has been studied the descriptive mechanism, that expresses the external manifestations of feelings. It has been highlighted the mechanism of textual description, used for implicit contextual expression of emotions.
Koshman I. N.
Ukrainian’s precedential phenomenal occurrence in russian lexis
Lexico-semantical features of the precedential expressions which have active functions in modern Russian journalistic’s text in Ukraine have been described in the article.
Kuvarova E. K.
A final etiquette formula in a letter as a speech formation
A final etiquette formula as one of basic components of letter’s structure, regulative interpersonal relationships, is examined. The criteria for differentiating of etiquette formula and signature are offered. It is shown that the final formula of letter can be dismembered on a few etiquette formulas order of which, and also their structure and lexical filling varied widely enough.
Kudryavtseva N. S.
Categories we live by: philosophical categories in the cognitive point of view
The article explores vocabulary with philosophical-categoric meaning from the point of view of cognitive semantics. Proceeding from the key postulate of cognitive science about the obligatoriness of categorization for all living beings, there is an assumption made that main ontological categories of philosophy can be considered basic and inherent in various systems of knowledge.
A role of linguistic tradition is in dialog of cultures
This paper presents a novel approach to determining the linguistic tradition. We investigate the role of the linguistic tradition into a dialogue of cultures, and in addition to this we delineate the concept of interlingual (intercultural) communication and the concept of dialogue of cultures. The article also contains language material, which is important for methodological and theoretical developments in the field of foreign language learning.
Lutseeva I. N.
Human in the phraseological picture of the world (based on the Russian phraseological units with numerals)
The article analyzes the anthropocentric phraseologisms with numeral components. Their relationship with certain cultural code, and their division into phraseosemantic groups is being revealed. Specificity of the conceptualization of given phraseologisms in phraseological view of the world is being examined.
Lytkina O. I.
Universality of the definition of the text in macrolinguistics
The article covers the problems of studying the text in modern linguistics, which is characterized as macrolinguistics. The author analyses different approaches of the definition of the text, adresses to the question of variety of its typoligy and criterion of the separation. Having compared the modern understanding of the text with such notions as archetype, myth, concept, the author comes to the conclusion that the notion of the text is versatile in the modern science pertaining to the humanities.
The image of snow in the n.s. gumilyov’s poetic world
The article analyze Gumilyov’s poetry in “from real objects to the text” aspect. It depends what information about the snow is relevant to the artistic world view of the poet, reveals which associations, symbolic meanings has the image of snow in the poetry of N. Gumilev.
The importance of touch as a nonverbal component in communication
The article focuses on the role of touch at different stages of a person’s life, illustrates the vital importance of tactile world perception for children, the possibility of communicating emotions via touch. The author highlights the functions of touch in communication and the importance attached to tactile perception by different cultures.
Aims and principles of the complex analyze of linguistic expertise texts
The article describes peculiarities of linguistic expertise which is regarded as a specific type of text because it’s created in a particular speech situation and it reflects problem points of forensic linguistics communication. Stages of the complex analyze of linguistic expertise texts are characterized.
The idiostyle characteristics of colorsnominations in the aspect of theory prototypes
In article forms of a designation of white colour in Shevchenko's poetry in aspect of the theory of prototypes are analysed. Attempt to define prototypical characteristics of white colour as sets of certain signs is made and to reveal forms of reference associations of "white".
Texting as a special sms-language in speech interaction
The article offers a review of the specific language, used for interaction, within the sms- messages, known as texting. The author analyzes linguostilistic parameters of this communicative phenomenon and the peculiarities of its variations in different languages and cultures as well.
Synesthesia of attributes in artistic text
The article is devoted to the problem of aesthetic development objects and their representations in linguistic consciousness. The phenomena of synesthesia as figurative translation of author’s intention at the sociable level of the word are analyzed.
The emotions` caterorization in naive picture of the world through the aspect of Russian mentality
The emotions presents in language through the non-scientific categories: examinations, experience, feelings, abilities, states, suffering. This categories can mixed. There were commented some classes of subcategories in the class of emotions.
The spatial oppositions as a system sign of the text
The article considers the methods of linguistic realization of the category space. The main cognitive oppositions, that construct this category in political text, are analyzed.
The role of imagination in mental activity. Linguistic means used to describe magination in English and Russian
The given article presents a semantic analysis of the psychological term – “imagination” in a sociolinguistic interpretation on the basis of English and Russian scientific literature. As this concept is very complicated a lot of extracts, describing term imagination are given in the article as well, as definitions from English and Russian psychological dictionaries and explanatory dictionaries.
On the relationship between the concepts text – media texts – media discourse
In the article the peculiarities of the functioning of the definitions «text», «mediatext», «mediadiscourse» in the modern linguistics, and the basic questions of their correlation and differentiation are analyzed.
Psycholinguistic structure of individual speech in the state of emotional stress
The article discusses aspects of the functioning of politician’s discourse in the state of emotional stress. As the study shows, the speech under this condition is tranformed.